China’s Approaches to International Law since the Opium War
International law is an amalgam of the past, present, and future. The past is important in itself not only because the vast majority of rules and principles of international law have come into being through decades, if not centuries, of deviation, crystallization and consolidation, but also because the past, and one’s perspectives of the past, underlie, inform and explain a state’s perspectives of a particular order or particular norms or values, and its approaches to the perspectives and actions of other states. The importance of understanding China’s historical approaches to international law cannot be understated. China’s interactions with international law began to take place in the context of its interactions with Western powers that culminated in the Opium War. This article then examines China’s approaches to international law during its republican, communist, and contemporary socialist-market eras.
China’s Presidential Election: The Role of the NPC
Summary • This year begins the inauguration of the 13th NPC, which will run until March 2023. • China’s NPC of around 3,000 delegates will meet in March 2018 and […]
The Great Rejuvenation? China’s Search for a New ‘Global Order’
Executive Summary This Asia Paper explores how China, a ‘partial’ global power, can set the agenda and determine the rules in a global order dominated by a declining yet unyielding […]
Bad Solutions in a Complex Situation: China’s Relations with North Korea
China’s relations with North Korea are complex with a variety of bad choices and suboptimal solutions. It could be argued that the actor that has lost most in the recent tensions […]
A Balancing Act: the 16+1 Cooperation Framework
Since 2012, the 16+1 Cooperation Framework (hereby 16+1) has been the focal point of relations between China and Central Eastern Europe (CEE). However, this initiative is marked by various asymmetries […]
Collective Bargaining: New Hope for China’s Workers?
In China, rising economic and social inequality mean that labour tensions are high. President Xi Jinping has responded with a new idea where the All China Federation of Trade Unions […]
Human Rights in China
Summary The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has chosen to promote collective rights such as the right to development. The PRC can improve human rights conditions further. However, due to […]