China’s Approaches to International Law since the Opium War
International law is an amalgam of the past, present, and future. The past is important in itself not only because the vast majority of rules and principles of international law have come into being through decades, if not centuries, of deviation, crystallization and consolidation, but also because the past, and one’s perspectives of the past, underlie, inform and explain a state’s perspectives of a particular order or particular norms or values, and its approaches to the perspectives and actions of other states. The importance of understanding China’s historical approaches to international law cannot be understated. China’s interactions with international law began to take place in the context of its interactions with Western powers that culminated in the Opium War. This article then examines China’s approaches to international law during its republican, communist, and contemporary socialist-market eras.
China’s Military Reform: Present and Future – Part 1
Changes made to the structure of the Chinese armed forces have occupied much attention the world over, and are a central part of a wider program of reform being carried […]
A “New” Chinese Foreign Policy Under Xi Jinping?
Summary The Belt and Road Initiative, increased foreign investment and a stronger maritime policy are just some of the ways in which President Xi Jinping is pursuing a more active […]
The Great Rejuvenation? China’s Search for a New ‘Global Order’
Executive Summary This Asia Paper explores how China, a ‘partial’ global power, can set the agenda and determine the rules in a global order dominated by a declining yet unyielding […]
National Congress of the Communist Party
Summary: The NCCPC is held in Beijing every 5 years in October or November. It consists of approximately 2,300 delegates. Primarily, it serves to: Reshuffle of the Political positions in […]
Bad Solutions in a Complex Situation: China’s Relations with North Korea
China’s relations with North Korea are complex with a variety of bad choices and suboptimal solutions. It could be argued that the actor that has lost most in the recent tensions […]
A Balancing Act: the 16+1 Cooperation Framework
Since 2012, the 16+1 Cooperation Framework (hereby 16+1) has been the focal point of relations between China and Central Eastern Europe (CEE). However, this initiative is marked by various asymmetries […]