Financing War or Facilitating Peace? The Impact of Rebel Drug Trafficking on Peace Negotiations in Colombia and Myanmar
Rebel involvement in drug trafficking is broadly found to prolong and intensify civil wars. Being an illicit good with strong demand, high profit margins, limited barriers to entry, and few interdiction opportunities, narcotic drugs disproportionately benefit rebel groups as a source of funding in civil wars. Furthermore, drug trafficking is believed to prolong civil wars by creating war economies that benefit rebel groups, making them reluctant to engage in peace negotiations. However, recent peace agreements suggest that drug trafficking can in some cases be used to “buy off” rebel leaders, whereas other insurgents willingly relinquish this source of funding. This article compares attempts at conflict resolution in Colombia and Myanmar, focusing on the impact drug trafficking by Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) and United Wa State Army has on contemporary peace negotiations.
How Can 2017 be a New Boost on China-Vietnam Relations over the South China Sea?
In China’s foreign relations regarding the South China Sea (SCS) Issues, Vietnam is undoubtedly one of the key countries that China has to face and need to be handled well […]
Myanmar’s Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement
The Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) seeks to achieve a negotiated settlement between the government of Myanmar and non-state ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) that paves the way for peace-building and national […]
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At 6.55pm yesterday in central Bangkok a bomb blast ripped through the heart of the city. The explosion — in Ratchaprasong near a Hindu Shrine, five-star hotels and busy shopping […]
Politics, Religion and ISIS in Malaysia
Ahead of the 26th Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit, held in Malaysia in April 2015, authorities in the country seized explosives and arrested 12 men who were allegedly […]
China’s Myanmar Policy: Dilemma or Strategic Ambiguity?
Enmeshed directly and indirectly in Myanmar’s ethnic conflicts, Beijing is facing a dilemma in how to deal with ethnic Chinese irredentist groups amidst ongoing fighting in northern Shan State. Failure […]
Al Qaeda’s new Indian subcontinent branch: What it means for Myanmar
Al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri’s statement on Wednesday that he wants to expand operations to Myanmar and the Indian subcontinent will likely result in a new wave of violence. But […]