Myanmar’s Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement
The Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) seeks to achieve a negotiated settlement between the government of Myanmar and non-state ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) that paves the way for peace-building and national dialogue. Consisting of seven chapters, the “draft” text of the NCA agreed on March 31, 2015, stipulates the terms of ceasefires, their implementation and monitoring, and the roadmap for political dialogue and peace ahead. As such, the NCA, if signed by all parties, would represent the first major step in a longer nationwide peace process. While the government in particular hopes to conclude the NCA before national elections take place on November 8, demands for amendments in the final text, ongoing skirmishes, and the issue of which groups might be excluded from the agreement have proven stumbling blocks in negotiations.
This ISDP Backgrounder seeks to provide an accessible overview of the complex negotiations, actors, and issues framing Myanmar’s Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement.
The Belt and Road Initiative 一 带 一 路
The Belt and Road Initiative is an incredibly ambitious plan that may potentially re-shape global trade. The ‘Belt’ aims to connect Chinese trade and production to Europe through Central Asia. […]
Financing War or Facilitating Peace? The Impact of Rebel Drug Trafficking on Peace Negotiations in Colombia and Myanmar
Rebel involvement in drug trafficking is broadly found to prolong and intensify civil wars. Being an illicit good with strong demand, high profit margins, limited barriers to entry, and few […]
Bangkok blast: A look at the main suspects
At 6.55pm yesterday in central Bangkok a bomb blast ripped through the heart of the city. The explosion — in Ratchaprasong near a Hindu Shrine, five-star hotels and busy shopping […]
A Return to War: Militarized Conflicts in Northern Shan State
Introduction Myanmar’s internal armed conflict erupted in 1948 just after it gained independence from Britain. The principle armed actors in Myanmar’s civil wars have involved the Myanmar Defense Services, or […]
The Great Rejuvenation? China’s Search for a New ‘Global Order’
Executive Summary This Asia Paper explores how China, a ‘partial’ global power, can set the agenda and determine the rules in a global order dominated by a declining yet unyielding […]
Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC): An India-Japan Arch in the Making?
Summary This paper examines the prospects of the ambitious Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC) – a collaborative vision between India and Japan to promote development, connectivity, and cooperation between Africa and […]