Security Building Measures for the North Korea’s Nuclear Crisis
North Korea’s fourth nuclear test in January this year followed by several missile tests between February and April, together with the possibility of another nuclear test soon, is clear evidence of Pyongyang’s intentions to disregard international censure of its nuclear ambitions. Meanwhile, the Six-Party Talks – the main option to negotiate North Korea’s denuclearization – are de facto defunct since December 2008. In recent years, resuming negotiations has been discredited with a collapse of trust amidst North Korea’s failure to abandon its nuclear program. All sides have since then imposed a number of preconditions as the basis for the resumption of negotiations – preconditions, which have turned out to be unacceptable to the parties involved. The U.S. and South Korea meanwhile have focused on toughening sanctions against Pyongyang as punishment for its fourth nuclear test and as a demonstration of strengthening military deterrence against the North. However, these measures have arguably contributed to further exacerbating the North Korean nuclear crisis and military tensions on the Korean Peninsula. Approaches by the international community to try and resolve the North Korean nuclear issue have over recent years rested primarily on two pillars: the ‘stick’ of sanctions combined with maintaining a strong military deterrence on the one hand, and the ‘carrot’ of negotiated incentives including energy and economic assistance on the other. However, neither sanctions against Pyongyang nor the multilateral negotiation framework of the Six-Party Talks have succeeded in thwarting North Korea’s nuclear ambitions. This presents a two-fold dilemma: the immediate one is how to manage increased military tensions on the Korean Peninsula amidst the growing gravity of North Korea’s nuclear threat and its repercussions. The second and longer-term challenge is how to tackle resolving the North Korean nuclear issue in a situation where previous efforts have failed.
Obligations & Roles of the U.S. and Neighboring Countries for the Reunification of Korea
Current developments on the Korean Peninsula necessitates that more steps need to be taken towards reunification. With this aim in mind, Hwang, outlines the responsibility and role that both the […]
The Self-defense Capability of the DPRK and Peace on the Korean Peninsula
On the Korean Peninsula, tightening sanctions and joint-military exercises have been matched by a succession of weapons tests. Indeed, 2017 has seen hostilities on the Korean Peninsula rise to an […]
A Reflection on U.S. Grand Strategy: Trump and the Challenge for South Korean Diplomacy
Where does President Trump’s foreign policy fit within the existing paradigms envisioning America’s role in the world? Or does it represent a radical new departure? Providing a historical perspective, Ildo […]
Xi Jinping’s Foreign Policy toward North Korea
Proceedings from the 2016 NAJAKS Conference at Stockholm University, Nordic Association of Japanese and Korean Studies.
South Korea: A Driver for Cooperative Security in Northeast Asia?
With regional security trends in Northeast Asia tending towards rising uncertainty and risk, the region is urgently in need of a new security model. This paper outlines why South Korea must assume […]
Park’s “Trustpolitik” Challenge
Half-way into her presidential term, how has South Korean President Park Geun-hye’s “trustpolitik” fared in regard to assuaging tensions and dispelling mistrust vis-à-vis North Korea? Sangsoo Lee and Bernt Berger […]