Economic Transformation Under Kim Jong Il
Kim Jong Il noted the importance of both economic reforms and North Korea’s connecting with the outside world. However, domestic political constraints did not allow him to proceed with bold reforms constantly. The geopolitical environment at the time was also not helpful for Kim Jong Il to move the reforms forward. His unsuccessful reforms resulted in economic chaos. Kim Jong Il’s main reform measures, the barriers to the reforms, and the consequences to the economy due to his unsuccessful reforms are evaluated in this chapter.
South Korea’s Indo-Pacific Strategy, Atmanirbhar Bharat, and the IPEF: Convergence and Commonality
For some time now, the existing multilateral networks such as those of the United Nations (UN) system have been largely ineffective in providing good global governance and helping create resilience, […]
Indo-Pacific at a Loss: The Abe Memoire
Within a divided world, Abe’s most defining legacy for Japan, the regional and global community, was that he built a united democratic Indo-Pacific coalition. Often termed the most “Consequential Prime […]
Kishida’s India Visit: Samaritan of the Eleventh Hour?
First of a two part series on Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s travel to India and Cambodia in March 2022. This article is part of the [Asia’s Next Page] series on JAPAN Forward. Find […]
What Comes Next for North Korea-Russia Relations?
North Korea and Russia have taken their relations to a new level after the leaders of the two countries held an in-person summit meeting on Wednesday. While Pyongyang and Moscow […]
Risk Reduction and Crisis Management on the Korean Peninsula
The situation on the Korean Peninsula is inherently intertwined with the growing instability of the East Asian security environment, where high tensions significantly increase the risk of unintended incidents and armed […]
Japan’s Indo-Pacific Strategy: The Link with Iran
Japan’s “Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy” is linked to the Persian Gulf region. Energy resources, concerns about China’s influence on the region’s energy and transit corridors, and the suitable consumption […]