Three Decades of India’s Eastward Engagement: China’s Perceptions and Responses
This issue brief looks into China’s perceptions and responses to India’s Act East Policy. It argues that China sees India’s Act East Policy in three phases – the first two correspond to a period when both managed to establish an equilibrium and understanding, and when India desired to strike a balance between the US and China. The third phase corresponds to the ascendance of Prime Minister Modi to the Indian political scene – the time when the equilibrium was lost owing to the power shift favoring China, and China’s malevolent relations with India following frequent standoffs resulting in the Doklam and Galwan conflicts. India realigning its Act East Policy and sub-regional and multilateral mechanisms like BIMSTEC, SAGAR, IORA, and Quad, etc., have been pronounced as part and parcel of India’s Act East Policy serving the unstated goals of India’s Indo-Pacific strategy. Since Beijing views the Indo-Pacific strategy essentially as containment of China by the US and its allies, India’s broader geopolitical ambitions have to an extent been held in check by its rivalry with China and Pakistan, according to the Chinese scholarship. It is for this reason, they believe that India’s strategic vision is governed by its thinking on South Asia and the Indian Ocean. Nonetheless, they are apprehensive that the Indo-Pacific strategy does give it levers to intervene in the South China Sea, diminish ASEAN centrality, and oppose China’s connectivity projects.
The Russia-India-China Trilateral After Ukraine: Will Beijing Take the Lead?
Introduction: At the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) foreign ministers’ meeting in late July, which included China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, People’s Republic of China (PRC) State […]
Where Is India in South Korea’s New Indo-Pacific Strategy?
Jagannath Panda and Choong Yong Ahn write on the place of India in South Korea’s new Indo-Pacific strategy. This co-authored piece primarily addresses the following questions: What would ROK’s special […]
The Tawang Effect: Forecasting China-India Relations in 2023
Foreseeing a trend in China-India ties is a predictable affair at present: bilateral antagonism is taking a lead over any pretense of engagement and stability. The passing years increasingly suggest […]
As G20 President, Can India Advance Its Multipolar Worldview?
Introduction: Days after the G-20 summit in Bali, which marked the end of the Indonesian presidency and heralded the group’s Indian leadership for the new term beginning in December, Indian […]
Seoul’s Geopolitical Code on Quad: Imperative or Elective?
Abstract: Under the new government helmed by President Yoon Suk-yeol, South Korea (ROK) has displayed a clear tilt toward and a more open embrace of the Indo- Pacific concept. Interestingly, […]
China’s Rise in the Indo-Pacific: A Quad Countries’ Perspective
Abstract: China’s rise as an economic, technological, and military superpower in the last two decades is one of the most prominent factors that led to the emergence of the Quad […]